Cornelia de Lange syndrome
Other Names for this Disease
- Brachmann de Lange syndrome
- De Lange syndrome
- Typus degenerativus amstelodamensis
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Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is characterized by slow growth before and after birth, intellectual disability that is usually severe to profound, skeletal abnormalities involving the arms and hands, and distinctive facial features. The facial differences include arched eyebrows that often grow together in the middle (synophrys); long eyelashes; low-set ears; small, widely spaced teeth; and a small, upturned nose. Many affected individuals also have behavior problems similar to autism. Additional signs and symptoms of Cornelia de Lange syndrome can include excessive body hair (hirsutism), an unusually small head (microcephaly), hearing loss, short stature, and problems with the digestive tract. Some people with this condition are born with an opening in the roof of the mouth called a cleft palate. Seizures, heart defects, eye problems, and skeletal abnormalities also have been reported in people with this condition.
Last updated: 12/22/2010
- Cornelia de Lange syndrome. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). 2010; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/cornelia-de-lange-syndrome. Accessed 12/22/2010.