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Neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency
Other Names for this Disease
- Citrin deficiency
- Neonatal-onset citrullinemia type 2
- Neonatal-onset citrullinemia type II
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Neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD) is a liver condition is also known as neonatal-onset type II citrullinemia. NICCD blocks the flow of bile (a digestive fluid produced by the liver) and prevents the body from processing certain nutrients properly. This leads to transient intrahepatic cholestasis and variable liver dysfunction in children younger than one year of age. NICCD is generally not severe, and symptoms disappear by age one year with appropriate treatment. Years or even decades later, however, some of these individuals develop the characteristic features of adult-onset type II citrullinemia. NICCD is caused by mutations in the SLC25A13 gene. This condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.
- Citrullinemia. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=citrullinemia. Accessed July 11, 2011.
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