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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Autism spectrum disorders

*

* Not a rare disease

Other Names for this Disease

  • ASD
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of developmental conditions characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Autistic disorder, sometimes called autism or classical ASD, is the most severe form of ASD, while other conditions along the spectrum include a milder form known as Asperger syndrome as well as childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Although ASD varies significantly in features and severity, it occurs worldwide and affects every age group.[1] Experts estimate that 1 out of 110 children will have an ASD.  Males are more likely to have an ASD than females.[2]
Last updated: 10/19/2011

References

  1. Autism Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. September 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm. Accessed 10/19/2011.
  2. About Autism. Autism Society of America. http://www.autism-society.org/about-autism/. Accessed 10/19/2011.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

4 question(s) from the public on Autism spectrum disorders have been answered. See questions and answers. You can also submit a new question.

Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Autism spectrum disorders. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.

Selected Full-Text Journal Articles

Diagrams/Images

  • The Autism Speaks has developed a new Video Glossary, an innovative web-based tool designed to help parents and professionals learn more about the early red flags and diagnostic features of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This glossary contains more than 150 video clips and is free of charge.
Other Names for this Disease
  • ASD
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.