Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.


Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Print friendly version

Ménière's disease


* Not a rare disease
Other Names for this Disease
  • Meniere disease
  • Meniere's disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.


Ménière's disease is an abnormality of the inner ear. Signs and symptoms may include disabling vertigo or severe dizziness lasting from minutes to hours; tinnitus or a roaring sound in the ears; fluctuating hearing loss; and the sensation of pressure or pain in the affected ear. A small percentage people have drop attacks, also called spells of Tumarkin.[1] The disorder usually affects only one ear and is a common cause of hearing loss.[2] Some people develop symptoms in both ears many years after their initial diagnosis.[3] The exact cause of Ménière's disease is unknown, but the symptoms are thought to be associated with a change in fluid volume within a portion of the inner ear known as the labyrinth.[2][4] Treatment may include medications or surgery depending on the severity of the condition.[5]
Last updated: 3/12/2013


  1. Meyer, Ted A. and Lambert, Paul R.. Rakel & Bope: Conn's Current Therapy 2008, 60th ed.; Chapter 58. Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier; 2008;
  2. Ménière's Disease . National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). 2010; Accessed 2/9/2011.
  3. Sajjadi, H and Paparella, M. Meniere's disease. Lancet. August 2, 2008;
  4. Ménière's disease . MedlinePlus. 2010; Accessed 2/9/2011.
  5. Evelyne Ferrary. Meniere disease. Orphanet. February 2005; Accessed 3/12/2103.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

2 question(s) from the public on Ménière's disease have been answered. See questions and answers. You can also submit a new question.

Basic Information

  • The American Academy of Family Physicians has an information page on Meniere's disease.  To access this information page, click on American Academy of Family Physicians.  
  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Ménière's disease. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition. Click on the link to view the information.
  • The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) conducts and supports biomedical and behavioral research and research training in the normal and disordered processes of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. Click on the link to view information on this topic. 
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Ménière's disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.