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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Familial hypercholesterolemia

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* Not a rare disease

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Treatment

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How might familial hypercholesterolemia be treated?

The overall goal of treatment for familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is to lower the risk for atherosclerosis (build-up of plaque in the arteries) by lowering the LDL cholesterol levels in the blood stream. The first step in treatment for individuals with the heterozygous form (also called the autosomal dominant form) is changing the diet to reduce the total amount of fat eaten. This may be accomplished by limiting the amount of beef, pork, and lamb in the diet; cutting out butter, whole milk, fatty cheeses and oils; and eliminating egg yolks, organ meats and other sources of saturated fat from animals. Dietary counseling is often recommended to help individuals change their eating habits. Exercise and weight loss may also help in lowering cholesterol levels.

Drug therapy is also often necessary lifestyle changes may not be enough to lower cholesterol levels. Several different cholesterol-lowering medications may be used alone or in combination; they may include statinsbile acid sequestrants, ezetemibe, niacin, gemfibrozil, and fenofibrate.

Individuals with the more severe, homozygous form of FH (also called the autosomal recessive form) need more aggressive therapies to treat their significantly elevated levels of cholesterol. Drug therapy is often not effective enough at lowering LDL cholesterol levels. Therefore, individuals with this form may need periodical LDL apheresis, a procedure that removes LDL from the blood. In some cases, major surgery such as a liver transplant is necessary.[1]
Last updated: 10/22/2013

References
  1. Learning About Familial Hypercholesterolemia. NHGRI. March 23, 2011; http://www.genome.gov/25520184#al-4. Accessed 10/22/2013.


Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Familial hypercholesterolemia. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
  • The Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool (RePORT) provides access to reports, data, and analyses of research activities at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), including information on NIH expenditures and the results of NIH-supported research. Although these projects may not conduct studies on humans, you may want to contact the investigators to learn more. To search for studies, click on the link and enter the disease name in the "Terms Search" box. Then click "Submit Query".
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.