Other Names for this Disease
- Adamantinomatous tumor
- Craniopharyngeal duct tumor
- Dysodontogenic epithelial tumor
- Rathke's pouch tumor
A craniopharyngioma is a slow-growing benign tumor that develops near the pituitary gland (a small endocrine gland at the base of the brain) and the hypothalamus (a small cone-shaped organ connected to the pituitary gland by nerves). This tumor most commonly affects children between 5 and 10 years of age; however, adults can sometimes be affected. Craniopharyngiomas are thought to arise from remnants of the craniopharyngeal duct and/or Rathke cleft or from metaplasia (abnormal transformation of cells) of squamous epithelial cell remnants of the stomadeum.[orphanet] Craniopharyngioma is treated with surgery alone or by surgery followed by radiation.
- Blackman S. Craniopharyngioma. MedlinePlus. 2004; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000345.htm. Accessed 4/3/2009.
- General Information About Childhood Craniopharyngioma. National Cancer Institute (NCI). 2009; http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/child-cranio/Patient. Accessed 4/3/2009.
- Garnett MR, Puget S, Grill J, Sainte-Rose C. Craniopharyngioma. Orphanet. 2007; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/Disease_Search.php?lng=EN&data_id=10756&Disease_Disease_Search_diseaseGroup=craniopharyngioma&Disease_Disease_Search_diseaseType=Pat&Disease(s)%20concerned=Craniopharyngioma&title=Craniopharyngioma&search=Disease_Search_Simple. Accessed 4/3/2009.
- Bobustuc GC, Groves MD, Fuller GN, DeMonte FN. Craniopharyngioma: Treatment & Medication. eMedicine. 2006; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1157758-treatment. Accessed 4/3/2009.
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