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Juvenile Huntington disease
Other Names for this Disease
- Huntington disease, juvenile onset
- Juvenile onset HD
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Juvenile Huntington disease (HD) is a less common, early-onset form of Huntington disease that begins in childhood or adolescence. It is also a progressive disorder that causes the breakdown of brain cells in certain areas of the brain. This results in uncontrolled movements, loss of intellectual abilities, and emotional disturbances. Juvenile HD is defined by the onset of symptoms before age 20 years and accounts for 5-10% of HD cases. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern and is caused by a large number of CAG trinucleotide repeats in the HTT gene. A larger number of repeats is usually associated with an earlier onset of signs and symptoms. Most often, children with juvenile HD inherit the expanded CAG trinucleotide repeat from their fathers, although on occasion they inherit it from their mothers.
- Warby SC, Graham RK, Hayden MR. Huntington Disease. GeneReviews. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1305/. Accessed March 15, 2011.
- Huntington disease . Genetic Home Reference. http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/huntington-disease . Accessed June 27, 2011.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Juvenile Huntington disease. Click on the link to go to GHR and review the information.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition. Click on the link to view the information.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Juvenile Huntington disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- The The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database contains genetics resources that discuss Juvenile Huntington disease. Click on the link to go to OMIM and review these resources.
- The Social Security Administration has included this condition in their Compassionate Allowances Initiative. This initiative speeds up the processing of disability claims for applicants with certain medical conditions that cause severe disability. More information about Compassionate Allowances and applying for Social Security disability is available online.