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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Cervical dystonia


Other Names for this Disease

  • Spasmodic torticollis
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Overview

Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. Most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. Tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur.[1][2] The turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders.[2] Cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. It often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years.[1] Treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery.[2][3]
Last updated: 11/9/2011

References

  1. Dystonias Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). October 27, 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dystonias/detail_dystonias.htm. Accessed 11/9/2011.
  2. Cervical Dystonia . Dystonia Coalition. http://rarediseasesnetwork.epi.usf.edu/Dystonia/patients/learnmore/cervical/index.htm. Accessed 11/9/2011.
  3. Reynolds NC, Ma J. Torticollis Treatment & Management. eMedicine. October 20, 2011; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1152543-treatment#showall. Accessed 11/9/2011.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it┬áprovides more information about this topic.
  • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on┬áthis topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

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Other Names for this Disease
  • Spasmodic torticollis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.