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Idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasia
Other Names for this Disease
- Idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasis
- Idiopathic juxtafoveal telangiectasis
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Idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasia (IJT) is a rare condition of the eyes caused by dilated or twisting blood vessels (telangiectasia) and malfunctioning capillaries (tiny blood vessels) near the fovea in the retina. The fovea is the region of the retina with the highest concentration of special retinal nerve cells, called cones, which produce sharp, daytime vision. In IJT, the telangiectasias cause fluid or crystal buildup and swelling, or otherwise impair how light is normally reflected through the eye resulting in progressive vision loss. It may be congenital (present at birth) or acquired. Laser photocoagulation maybe helpful in restoring and preserving central visual acuity for individuals with certain subtypes of IJT.
- Schmitz-Valckenberg S, Fan K, Nugent A, Rubin GS, Peto T, Tufail A, Egan C, Bird AC, Fitzke FW. Correlation of functional impairment and morphological alterations in patients with group 2A idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasia. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008.
- Retinal vascular diseases. Digital reference of ophthalmology. http://dro.hs.columbia.edu/juxtafovtel.htm. Accessed July 23, 2012.
- Wu J, Ferrucci S. Idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasia. Optometry. 2008.
- Do D, Haller JA. Coats disease and retinal telangiectasia. Yanoff & Duker: Ophthalmology 3rd ed. Philadelphia PA: Mosby Inc; 2008.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- A diagram of the eye can be found by visiting MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine Web site designed to help you research your health questions. Click on MedlinePlus to view the diagram.