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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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McLeod neuroacanthocytosis syndrome


Other Names for this Disease
  • McLeod syndrome
  • X-linked McLeod syndrome
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Treatment


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How might McLeod neuroacanthocytosis syndrome be treated?

There are currently no treatments to prevent or slow the progression of McLeod neuroacanthocytosis syndrome and treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Medications that block dopamine, such as some of the antipsychotics, may decrease the involuntary movements. Botulinum toxin injections usually improve symptoms of dystonia. A feeding tube may be needed for individuals with feeding difficulties to maintain proper nutrition. Seizures may be treated with a variety of anticonvulsants, and antidepressants may also be appropriate for some individuals. Speech, occupational, and physical therapy may also be beneficial.[1]

For a comprehensive review of treatment for McLeod neuroacanthocytosis, you can visit GeneReviews at the following link. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1354/#mcleod.Management
Last updated: 7/15/2011

References
  1. NINDS Neuroacanthocytosis Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). March 2009; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/neuroacanthocytosis/neuroacanthocytosis.htm. Accessed 7/15/2011.


Management Guidelines

  • GeneReviews provides current, expert-authored, peer-reviewed, full-text articles describing the application of genetic testing to the diagnosis, management, and genetic counseling of patients with specific inherited conditions. Click on the link to view the article on this topic.

Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • Orphanet lists clinical trials, research studies, and patient registries enrolling people with this condition. Click on Orphanet to view the list.