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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Orbital varix

Other Names for this Disease
  • Orbital venous varix
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How might orbital varix be treated?

Most people with orbital varices experience little too few symptoms and require no treatment.[1] Occasionally progressive eye pain, eye bulging, compression of the optic nerve, vision loss and/or disfigurement develops and prompts treatment.[1][2][3] 

There are no well established guidelines for treatment. Treatment is individually tailored to the patient. People seeking treatment for obital varices benefit from a consultation with a team of doctors, such as an opthalmologist, neurosurgeon, and/or neurointerventional radiologist.[1][2] Treatment with electrothrombosis (the use of an electrical current to block blood flow to the varix),[2] stereotactic gamma knife radiosurgery[1], sclerotherapy, surgical resection, and embolization (blocking of blood flow through the varix) with cyanoacrylate glue followed by excision have been described in the medical literature.[2]
Last updated: 1/11/2013

  1. Xu D, Liu D, Zhang Z, Zhang Y, Song G. Gamma knife radiosurgery for primary orbital varices: a preliminary report. Br J Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep;95(9):1264-7; Accessed 1/10/2013.
  2. Couch SM, Garrity JA, Cameron JD, Cloft HJ. Embolization of orbital varices with N-butyl cyanoacrylate as an aid in surgical excision: results of 4 cases with histopathologic examination. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Oct;148(4):614-618.e1; Accessed 1/10/2013.
  3. Tsai AS, Fong KS, Lim W, Al Jajeh I, Chuah CT, Rootman J. Bilateral orbital varices: an approach to management. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008 Nov-Dec;24(6):486-8; Accessed 1/10/2013.