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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Cerebral cavernous malformation


Other Names for this Disease

  • Cavernoma
  • Cavernous angioma
  • CCM
  • Cerebral cavernous hemangioma
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Overview

Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are collections of small blood vessels (capillaries) in the brain that are enlarged and irregular in structure which lead to altered blood flow. Cavernous malformations can occur anywhere in the body, but usually produce serious signs and symptoms only when they occur in the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). Cavernous malformations in the brain and/or spinal cord are called cerebral cavernous malformations.  Approximately 25 percent of individuals with cerebral cavernous malformations never experience any related medical problems. Other people with cerebral cavernous malformations may experience serious symptoms such as headaches, seizures, paralysis, hearing or vision deficiencies, and bleeding in the brain (cerebral hemorrhage). These malformations can change in size and number over time, but they do not become cancerous.  This condition can be sporadic or it can be inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Mutations in the KRIT1(CCM1), CCM2, and PDCD10 (CCM3) genes cause cerebral cavernous malformation.[1]
Last updated: 6/10/2011

References

  1. Cerebral cavernous malformation. Genetics Home Reference. November 2012; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/cerebral-cavernous-malformation. Accessed 12/5/2012.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Cerebral cavernous malformation. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Cavernoma
  • Cavernous angioma
  • CCM
  • Cerebral cavernous hemangioma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.