Other Names for this Disease
- Calcium gout
- Calcium gout, familial
- Calcium pyrophosphate arthropathy
- Calcium pyrophosphate arthropathy, familial
- Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease
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Tests & Diagnosis
A diagnosis of chondrocalcinosis 2 is often suspected based on characteristic signs and symptoms. Specialized testing, such as synovial fluid analysis, can then be ordered to confirm the diagnosis. In synovial fluid analysis, a small sample of the fluid that surrounds affected joints is removed and examined to determine if calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals are present. In most cases, x-rays can be used to identify calcium deposits in the cartilage of joints.
Last updated: 2/4/2015
- Constantine K Saadeh, MD. Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease. Medscape Reference. October 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/330936-overview.
- Familial calcium pyrophosphate deposition. Orphanet. December 2013; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=en&Expert=1416.
- Chondrocalcinosis, Familial Articular. NORD. May 2008; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/257/viewAbstract.
- The Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) provides information about the genetic tests for this condition. The intended audience for the GTR is health care providers and researchers. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.