Cockayne syndrome type II
Other Names for this Disease
- Cerebrooculofacio-skeletal syndrome 1
- Cockayne syndrome type 2
- Cockayne syndrome type B
- COFS 1
- COFS syndrome 1
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progeria), severe photosensitivity, and moderate to severe learning delay. This syndrome also includes failure to thrive in the newborn, microcephaly, and impaired nervous system development. Other symptoms may include hearing loss, tooth decay, and eye and bone abnormalities. Cockayne syndrome type 1 (type A) is sometimes called “classic” or "moderate" Cockayne syndrome and is diagnosed during early childhood. Cockayne syndrome type 2 (type B) is sometimes referred to as the “severe” or "early-onset" type. This more severe form presents with growth and developmental abnormalities at birth. The third type, Cockayne syndrome type 3 (type C) is a milder form of the disorder. Cockayne syndrome is caused by mutations in either the ERCC8 (CSA) or ERCC6 (CSB) genes and is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. The typical lifespan for individuals with Cockayne syndrome type 1 is ten to twenty years. Individuals with type 2 usually do not survive past childhood. Those with type 3 live into middle adulthood.Cockayne syndrome is a rare condition which causes short stature, premature aging (
Last updated: 4/17/2015
- Cockayne Syndrome Brochure. Share & Care Cockayne Syndrome Network. 2008; http://cockaynesyndrome.net/main/AboutCS.aspx. Accessed 4/17/2015.
- Genetics Home Reference. Cockayne Syndrome. May 2010; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/cockayne-syndrome. Accessed 4/17/2015.
- Vincent Laugel, MD, PhD. Cockayne Syndrome. Gene Reviews. June 14, 2012; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1342/. Accessed 4/17/2015.
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- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Cockayne syndrome type II. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Cockayne syndrome type II. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- The Social Security Administration has included this condition in their Compassionate Allowances Initiative. This initiative speeds up the processing of disability claims for applicants with certain medical conditions that cause severe disability. More information about Compassionate Allowances and applying for Social Security disability is available online.