Medullary sponge kidney
Other Names for this Disease
- Cacchi Ricci disease
- Cacchi-Ricci syndrome
- Cystic dilatation of renal collecting tubes
- Precalyceal canalicular ectasia
- Sponge kidney
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.
Medullary sponge kidney (MSK) is a birth defect of the tubules-tiny tubes inside the kidneys. In a normal kidney, urine flows through these tubules as it is being formed. In MSK, tiny sacs called cysts form in the medulla-the inner part of the kidney-creating a sponge-like appearance. The cysts keep urine from flowing freely through the tubules. MSK is present at birth but symptoms typically do not occur until adulthood. Problems caused by MSK, include blood in the urine, kidney stones, and urinary tract infections. MSK rarely leads to more serious problems, such as total kidney failure.
Last updated: 10/10/2012
- Medullary Sponge Kidney. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. September 2012; http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/medullaryspongekidney/. Accessed 10/10/2012.
Your Questions Answeredby the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center
Please contact us with your questions about Medullary sponge kidney. We will answer your question and update these pages with new resources and information.
- The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), part of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), conducts and supports research on a broad spectrum of diseases affecting public health. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Medullary sponge kidney. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.