Other Names for this Disease
- Freiberg's infraction
- Freiberg-Kohler syndrome
- Kohler's second disease
- Osteochondrosis of the metatarsal head, usually the second
- Second metatarsal osteochondrosis
osteochondrosis of the metatarsal head, most commonly occurring in young athletes older than 12 years who perform on their toes in either sprinting or jumping activities. The primary complaint is often a vague forefoot pain, worsened by activity and weight-bearing and relieved with rest. While some cases may resolve spontaneously, patients who do not respond to conservative measures may require surgery. The exact cause remains unknown Freiberg's disease is an
Last updated: 3/10/2009
- DeeLee JC, Drez D. Freiberg's Disease. DeeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, 2nd ed.. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier; 2003;
- Canale ST, Beaty JH. Freiberg Infraction. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 11th ed.. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby, An Imprint of Elsevier; 2007;
- Boyer M, DeOrio JK. Freiberg Infraction. eMedicine. September 25, 2007; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1236085-overview. Accessed 3/10/2009.
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