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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Serpiginous choroiditis

Other Names for this Disease
  • Geographic choroiditis
  • Geographic helicoid peripapillary choroidopathy (GHPC)
  • Geographic serpiginous choroiditis
  • Peripapillary choriopathy
  • Serpiginous choroidopathy
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What causes serpiginous choroiditis?

The cause of serpiginous choroiditis is unknown.[1][2] Speculation exists regarding an association with exposure to various toxic compounds and/or infectious agents.[1][3] Some researchers believe the condition is related to an organ-specific autoimmune inflammatory process.[4]
Last updated: 9/16/2013

  1. Tewari A, Eliott D. White Dot Syndromes. Medscape Reference. December 19, 2007; Accessed 9/16/2013.
  2. Choroiditis, Serpiginous. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2003; Accessed 9/16/2013.
  3. Gupta A, Biswas J. Serpiginous choroiditis and acute retinal necrosis occurring in the same patient. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2003; Accessed 9/16/2013.
  4. Khanamiri N, Rao NA. Serpiginous choroiditis and infectious multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis. Surv Ophthalmol. 2013; Accessed 9/16/2013.