Other Names for this Disease
- Keratitis, Ichthyosis, and Deafness (KID) Syndrome
- Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome, autosomal dominant
- KID syndrome, autosomal dominant
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Sparse hair or areas of baldness (alopecia) is relatively common, while a complete lack of hair is rare. The palms of the hands and soles of the feet typically have thickened, hardened skin. Less common is absent or abnormal nails. Other associated symptoms may include recurrent infections, abnormal teeth, reduced sweating,. Some of the rare features include an increased risk for developing squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or mucous membranes and life-threatening infections during the newborn period.
The Human Phenotype Ontology provides the following list of signs and symptoms for KID syndrome. If the information is available, the table below includes how often the symptom is seen in people with this condition. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary to look up the definitions for these medical terms.
The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) has collected information on how often a sign or symptom occurs in a condition. Much of this information comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. The frequency of a sign or symptom is usually listed as a rough estimate of the percentage of patients who have that feature.
The frequency may also be listed as a fraction. The first number of the fraction is how many people had the symptom, and the second number is the total number of people who were examined in one study. For example, a frequency of 25/25 means that in a study of 25 people all patients were found to have that symptom. Because these frequencies are based on a specific study, the fractions may be different if another group of patients are examined.
Sometimes, no information on frequency is available. In these cases, the sign or symptom may be rare or common.
- Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2006; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/884/viewAbstract. Accessed 9/9/2011.