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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Klumpke paralysis


Other Names for this Disease
  • Dejerine-Klumpke palsy
  • Klumpke's palsy
  • Lower brachial plexus palsy
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Overview


Klumpke paralysis is a type of brachial palsy in newborns. Signs and symptoms include weakness and loss of movement of the arm and hand.  Some babies experience drooping of the eyelid on the opposite side of the face as well.[1][2] This symptom may also be referred to as Horner syndrome.[2]

Klumpke paralysis is caused by an injury to the nerves of the brachial plexus which may result from a difficult delivery. This injury can cause a stretching (neuropraxia,), tearing (called “avulsion” when the tear is at the spine, and “rupture” when it is not), or scarring (neuroma) of the brachial plexus nerves. Most infants with Klumpke paralysis have the more mild form of injury (neuropraxia) and often recover within 6 months.[1][3]

Last updated: 2/25/2010

References

  1. Brachial palsy in newborns. MedlinePlus. 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001395.htm. Accessed 2/24/2010.
  2. Hill A. Neurological problems of the newborn. In: Bradley WG et al. Neurology in Clinical Practice, 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2008;
  3. NINDS Erb-Duchenne and Dejerine-Klumpke Palsies Information Page National. Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 2007; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/brachial_plexus_birth/brachial_plexus_birth.htm. Accessed 2/24/2010.
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