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Lewy body dementia
Other Names for this Disease
- Autosomal dominant diffuse Lewy body disease
- Diffuse Lewy body disease
- Lewy body disease
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dementia. The central feature of this condition is progressive cognitive decline, combined with three additional defining features: (1) fluctuations in alertness and attention, such as frequent drowsiness, lethargy, lengthy periods of time spent staring into space, or disorganized speech; (2) recurrent visual hallucinations, and (3) parkinsonian motor symptoms, such as rigidity and the loss of spontaneous movement. Although the exact cause of this condition is unknown, symptoms result from the build-up of abnormal structures, called Lewy bodies, inside the brain. This condition usually occurs sporadically, in people with no known family history of the disease. However, rare familial cases have been reported.Lewy bodies dementia is one of the most common types of
Last updated: 1/12/2012
- NINDS Dementia With Lewy Bodies Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). December 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dementiawithlewybodies/dementiawithlewybodies.htm. Accessed 1/12/2012.
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- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database contains genetics resources that discuss Lewy body dementia. Click on the link to go to OMIM and review these resources.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Lewy body dementia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- The Social Security Administration has included this condition in their Compassionate Allowances Initiative. This initiative speeds up the processing of disability claims for applicants with certain medical conditions that cause severe disability. More information about Compassionate Allowances and applying for Social Security disability is available online.