Other Names for this Disease
- Deerfly fever
- Francisella tularensis infection
- Lemming fever
- Ohara disease
- Pahvant Valley plague
Tularemia is an infection common in wild rodents caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. It is transmitted to humans by contact with infected animal tissues or by ticks, biting flies, and mosquitoes. The condition is most common in North America and parts of Europe and Asia. It is very rare in the United States. The illness, which is characterized by fever, chills, headache, joint pain and muscle weakness, may continue for several weeks after symptoms begin. Streptomycin and tetracycline are commonly used to treat the infection.
- Dugdale DC, Vyas JM. Tularemia. MedlinePlus. 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000856.htm. Accessed 5/10/2010.
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