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palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) surrounded by reddened skin and deformities of the joints that lead to constriction and spontaneous amputation; horny growths around the eyes and mouth, nail abnormalities, white thickened patches around the anus and mouth; and sparse hair. It may be complicated by multiple infections and squamous cell carcinoma. Olmstead syndrome is caused by mutations in the TRPV3 gene. It is transmitted through autosomal dominant inheritance. Treatment includes oral and topical retinoids, such as acetretin.Olmsted syndrome is a rare congenital (present from birth) disorder characterized by symmetrical, well-defined
Last updated: 11/1/2013
- Palmoplantar keratodermas (PPK) Fact Sheet. Foundation for Ichthyosis and Related Skin Types (FIRST). http://www.firstskinfoundation.org/content.cfm/Ichthyosis/Palmoplantar-Keratodermas-PPK-Fact-Sheet/page_id/903?gclid=CO6encqexLoCFVEOOgodeT4A4w. Accessed 11/1/2013.
- Palmoplantar Keratoderma, Mutilating, with Periorificial Keratotic Plaques. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). 2012; http://omim.org/entry/614594. Accessed 11/1/2013.
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- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
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