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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Pseudotumor cerebri


Other Names for this Disease

  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
  • Intracranial hypertension, idiopathic
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Treatment

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How might pseudotumor cerebri be treated?

Obesity, other treatable diseases, and some medications can cause raised intracranial pressure and symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri. A thorough medical history and physical examination is needed to evaluate these factors in order to determine the best approach to treatment of this condition.

If a diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri is confirmed, careful and repeated eye (ophthalmologic) exams are required to check for any changes in vision.[1] Medications such as corticosteroids, glycerol, acetazolamide, and furosemide may be used to reduce fluid build-up and relieve pressure.[1][2] Losing weight and stopping  certain medications (including oral contraceptives, tetracycline, and a variety of steroids) may lead to improvement. Surgery may be needed to remove pressure of fluid on the optic nerve. Therapeutic shunting, which involves surgically inserting a tube to drain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the lower spine into the abdominal cavity, may be needed to remove excess CSF and relieve CSF pressure.[1] 

An article from eMedicine Journal provides detailed information regarding the treatment of pseudotumor cerebri at the following link: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1143167-treatment.  You may need to register to view the article, but registration is free.

Last updated: 11/28/2014

References
  1. NINDS Pseudotumor Cerebri Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Web site. November 2010; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/pseudotumorcerebri/pseudotumorcerebri.htm. Accessed 12/15/2011.
  2. Dugdale DC, Hoch DB. Pseudotumor cerebri. MedlinePlus. February 2011; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000351.htm. Accessed 11/28/2014.


Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Pseudotumor cerebri. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
  • Intracranial hypertension, idiopathic
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.