Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency
Other Names for this Disease
- ACADM deficiency
- Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase medium chain deficiency of
- Carnitine deficiency secondary to medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
- MCAD deficiency
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ACADM gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Treatment includes avoidance of fasting and of medium chain triglycerides in the diet.Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is an inherited metabolic disorder that prevents the body from converting certain fats to energy, particularly during periods without food (fasting). Normally, through a process called fatty acid oxidation, several enzymes work in a step-wise fashion to break down (metabolize) fats and convert them to energy. People with MCADD do not have enough of an enzyme needed for the step that metabolizes a group of fats called medium-chain fatty acids. MCADD is caused by mutations in the
Last updated: 7/7/2014
- Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). 2009; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=mediumchainacylcoenzymeadehydrogenasedeficiency. Accessed 2/4/2011.
- Simon Olpin. Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Orphanet. February, 2014; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?Lng=EN&Expert=42. Accessed 7/7/2014.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The Screening, Technology And Research in Genetics (STAR-G) Project has a fact sheet on this condition, which was written specifically for families that have received a diagnosis as a result of newborn screening. This fact sheet provides general information about the condition and answers questions that are of particular concern to parents.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- Wang, et al. Is the G985A Allelic Variant of Medium-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase a Risk Factor for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome? A Pooled Analysis. Pediatrics. 2000;105:1175-1176.