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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Achalasia


Other Names for this Disease

  • Esophageal achalasia
  • Primary achalasia
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Achalasia is a disorder of the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.[1] It is characterized by enlargement of the esophagus, impaired ability of the esophagus to push food down toward the stomach (peristalsis), and failure of the ring-shaped muscle at the bottom of the esophagus (the lower esophageal sphincter) to relax.[2] Achalasia is caused by damage to the nerves of the esophagus. Treatment is aimed at reducing the pressure at the lower esophageal sphincter and may include Botox, medications, or surgery.[1]
Last updated: 7/20/2011

References

  1. Dugdale DC, Longstreth GF. Achalasia. MedlinePlus. January 10, 2010; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000267.htm. Accessed 7/20/2011.
  2. Achalasia. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2007; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/118/viewAbstract. Accessed 7/20/2011.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

1 question(s) from the public on Achalasia have been answered. See questions and answers. You can also submit a new question.

Basic Information

General Information

  • eMedicine has 2 articles on this topic from the perspective of Gastroenterology and Radiology. You may need to register to view the information online, but registration is free. Click on the links above to view the articles from this medical reference Web site.

In Depth Information

  • eMedicine has 2 articles on this topic from the perspective of Gastroenterology and Radiology. You may need to register to view the information online, but registration is free. Click on the links above to view the articles from this medical reference Web site.
  • The Merck Manual for health care professionals provides information on Achalasia.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Achalasia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
  • UpToDate has an article on Achalasia. Click on UpToDate to view the page.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Esophageal achalasia
  • Primary achalasia
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.