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Apert syndrome

Other Names for this Disease
  • Acrocephalo-syndactyly type 1
  • ACS 1
  • Apert-Crouzon disease
  • Syndactylic oxycephaly
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Apert syndrome is a disorder mainly characterized by craniosynostosis (premature fusion of skull bones, causing abnormalities in the shape of the head and face) and syndactyly (fusion or webbing or fingers and/or toes). Other signs and symptoms may include distinctive facial features (bulging and wide-set eyes; a beaked nose; an underdeveloped upper jaw leading to crowded teeth and other dental problems; and shallow eye sockets which can cause vision problems); polydactyly; hearing loss; hyperhidrosis (increased sweating); and other symptoms. Cognitive abilities in affected individuals range from normal to mild or moderate intellectual disability. It is caused by mutations in the FGFR2 gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.[1] Management typically includes various surgical procedures that are tailored to the affected individual's needs.[2]
Last updated: 7/1/2011


  1. Apert syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. February 2008; Accessed 7/1/2011.
  2. Nathaniel H Robin, Marni J Falk, Chad R Haldeman-Englert. FGFR-Related Craniosynostosis Syndromes. GeneReviews. September 27, 2007; Accessed 7/1/2011.
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Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Apert syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Apert syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.

Selected Full-Text Journal Articles