Print friendly version
Aplasia cutis congenita
Other Names for this Disease
- Aplasia cutis congenita nonsyndromic
- Congenital defect of skull and scalp
- Scalp defect congenital
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.
 This absence of skin most commonly affects the scalp, but any location of the body surface can be affected, including the truck, arms, and legs. Most patients with aplasia cutis congenita have no other abnormalities, although the condition may be associated with congenital malformations involving the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and central nervous systems. The cause of this condition is unclear and appears to be multifactorial (many different factors appear to play a role); teratogens, genetic factors, trauma, and compromised skin perfusion each seem to play a role.Aplasia cutis congenita is a condition in which there is a congenital (present from birth) absence of skin with or without the absence of underlying structures such as bone.
Last updated: 3/22/2010
- Tamara Buchel, Wendy Devaul, Keith Frey. Pop Quiz: Newborn with Scalp Lesion. American Family Physician. October 15, 2005; http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/. Accessed 1/19/2010.
- Joseph G. Morelli. Chapter 647 - Cutaneous Defects. In: Robert M. Kleigman. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 18th edition. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2007;
- DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.
- Genetics Home Reference contains information on Aplasia cutis congenita. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
In Depth Information
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database contains genetics resources that discuss Aplasia cutis congenita. Click on the link to go to OMIM and review these resources.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Aplasia cutis congenita. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.