Other Names for this Disease
- Basilar artery migraine
- Bickerstaff migraine
- Brainstem migraine
- Vertebrobasilar migraine
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dizziness and vertigo, slurred speech, ataxia, tinnitus, visual changes, and loss of balance. Although basilar migraines can occur in men and women of all ages, they are most common in adolescent girls. The exact underlying cause is not well understood. However, migraines are likely complex disorders that are influenced by multiple genes in combination with lifestyle and environmental factors. In rare cases, the susceptibility to basilar migraines may be caused by a change (mutation) in the ATP1A2 gene or CACNA1A gene. During episodes, affected people are typically treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and antiemetic medications to help alleviate the symptoms.Basilar migraine is a type of migraine headache with aura that is associated with bilateral (on both sides) pain at the back of the head. An aura is a group of symptoms that generally serve as a warning sign that a bad headache is coming and may include
Last updated: 2/19/2015
- Rima M Dafer, MD, MPH, FAHA. Migraine Variants. Medscape Reference. March 2012; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1142731-overview#a1.
- David F Black, MD; Carrie Elizabeth Robertson, MD. Migraine with brainstem aura (basilar-type migraine). UpToDate. February 2015; Accessed 2/19/2015.
- Basilar-Type Migraine. American Headache Society. 2010; http://www.achenet.org/resources/basilartype_migraine/.
- Ambrosini A, D'Onofrio M, Grieco GS, Di Mambro A, Montagna G, Fortini D, Nicoletti F, Nappi G, Sances G, Schoenen J, Buzzi MG, Santorelli FM, Pierelli F. Familial basilar migraine associated with a new mutation in the ATP1A2 gene. Neurology. December 2005; 65(11):1826-1828.
- Robbins MS, Lipton RB, Laureta EC, Grosberg BM. CACNA1A nonsense mutation is associated with basilar-type migraine and episodic ataxia type 2. Headache. July 2009; 49(7):1042-1046.
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