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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Blepharospasm


Other Names for this Disease

  • BEB
  • Benign Essential Blepharospasm
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Benign essential blepharospasm is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions and spasms of the eyelid muscles. It is a form of dystonia, a movement disorder in which muscle contractions cause sustained eyelid closure, twitching or repetitive movements. Benign essential blepharospasm occurs in both men and women, although it is especially common in middle-aged and elderly women. Most cases are treated with botulinum toxin injections.[1] The exact cause of benign essential blepharospasm is unknown.[2]
Last updated: 7/22/2009

References

  1. NINDS Benign Essential Blepharospasm Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). 2007; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/blepharospasm/blepharospasm.htm. Accessed 7/22/2009.
  2. Hallett M. Blepharospasm, Benign Essential. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2007; http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=Blepharospasm%2C%20Benign%20Essential. Accessed 6/22/2009.
Your Questions Answered
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1 question(s) from the public on Blepharospasm have been answered. See questions and answers. You can also submit a new question.

Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Blepharospasm. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • The National Eye Institute (NEI) was established by Congress in 1968 to protect and prolong the vision of the American people. Click on the link to view information on this topic. 
  • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Blepharospasm. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • BEB
  • Benign Essential Blepharospasm
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.