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Burkitt lymphoma

Other Names for this Disease
  • BL
  • Burkitt's lymphoma
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Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a rare, aggressive form of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a type of cancer that affects the organs of the immune system. It is more common in males than females. Three forms exist: one endemic to Africa that is linked to the Epstein Barr virus (EBV); a sporadic form that develops mainly in the abdomen; and an immunodeficiency-associated form that occurs most commonly in individuals with HIV infection.[1][2] BL can also develop in the ear, nose, throat and more rarely in other locations.[1] Signs and symptoms may differ depending on the form of BL and the organs or body systems affected.[2] The exact cause of the condition is not known. Treatment typically includes a few months of intensive chemotherapy; the current cure rate is estimated to be about 80-90%.[1]
Last updated: 6/26/2012


  1. Catherine Patte. Burkitt lymphoma. Orphanet. February 2010; Accessed 6/26/2012.
  2. Ali H Kanbar. Burkitt Lymphoma and Burkitt-like Lymphoma. Medscape Reference. March 9, 2012; Accessed 6/26/2012.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition. Click on the link to view the information.
  • The National Cancer Institute provides the most current information on cancer for patients, health professionals, and the general public.  Click on the link to view information on this topic. 

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Burkitt lymphoma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.