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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Burning mouth syndrome


* Not a rare disease
Other Names for this Disease
  • BMS
  • Burning mouth disorder
  • Stomatodynia
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How might burning mouth syndrome be treated?

If the underlying cause of burning mouth syndrome is determined, treatment is aimed at the triggering factor(s). If no cause can be found, treatment can be challenging. The following are potential therapies for burning mouth syndrome; we strongly recommend that you work with your health care provider in determining which therapy is right for you.[1][2]  

A lozenge-type form of the anticonvulsant medication clonazepam (Klonopin)
Alpha-lipoic acid (antioxidant)
Oral thrush medications
Certain antidepressants
B vitamins
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Special oral rinses or mouth washes
Saliva replacement products 

In addition to these medications, the following measures may be helpful in reducing symptoms of burning mouth syndrome:[1][2]

Sip water frequently.
Suck on ice chips.
Avoid irritating substances like hot, spicy foods; mouthwashes that contain alcohol; and products high in acid, like citrus fruits and juices, as well as cinnamon or mint.
Chew sugarless gum.
Brush your teeth/dentures with baking soda and water, or try different toothpaste.
Avoid alcohol and tobacco products.
Take steps to reduce excessive stress.

Last updated: 11/12/2010

  1. Burning Mouth Syndrome. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. 2010; Accessed 11/12/2010.
  2. Burning Mouth syndrome. 2010; Accessed 11/12/2010.

Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • lists trials that are studying or have studied Burning mouth syndrome. Click on the link to go to to read descriptions of these studies.