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Femoral facial syndrome

Other Names for this Disease
  • Femoral dysgenesis, bilateral
  • Femoral hypoplasia unusual facies syndrome
  • FFS
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Femoral-facial syndrome is characterized by underdevelopment of the thigh bones and certain facial features, which may include upslanting eyes, short nose with a broad tip, long space between the nose and upper lip (philtrum), thin upper lip, small or underdeveloped lower jaw (micrognathia), and cleft palate. Symptoms may affect one or both sides of the face and limbs. Cleft palate has been reported only in females. Other signs and symptoms occur variably. Intellectual development has been reported as normal. In most cases the cause of the condition is unknown (sporadic). Some cases have been reported in association with diabetes during pregnancy (maternal diabetes). There have been rare reports (three cases) describing a family with more than one affected member.[1][2]
Last updated: 4/30/2010


  1. Femoral facial syndrome. Online Mendilian Inheritance in Man. 2002; Accessed 4/29/2010.
  2. Femoral hypoplasia - unusual facies syndrome. Orphanet. 2009; Accessed 4/29/2010.
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Basic Information

  • The Children’s Hospital Boston has a information page on congenital limb defects. Click on the link above to view this information page.
  • The Web site has an information page on this topic. Click on to view the information page.
  • More information on limb abnormalities can be found at the following link from MEDLINEplus, the National Library of Medicine Web site designed to help you research your health questions.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The University of Kansas Medical Center Web site lists resources for people with limb defects and their families. Click on the link above to view this list.

In Depth Information

  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Femoral facial syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.

Selected Full-Text Journal Articles