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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Coats disease


Other Names for this Disease

  • Retinal telangiectasis
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Treatment

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How might Coats disease be treated?

The treatment of Coats disease depends on the signs and symptoms present in each person.[1] Treatment is usually directed towards destroying affected blood vessels in the retina and salvaging as much vision as possible.[2] A procedure that uses extreme cold to destroy abnormal blood vessels (cryotherapy), and/or a procedure that uses laser energy to heat and destroy abnormal tissue (photocoagulation) are often used singly or in combination.[1] These procedures are typically used during the early stages of the disease along with steroids and other medications to control inflammation and leaking from blood vessels.[2][1]

More advanced cases may require surgical treatment.[2] For example, surgery to reattach the retina may be necessary in cases of retinal detachment.[1] Draining or surgically removing the fluids that fill the eyeball between the lens and the retina (vitrectomy) may also be used to treat Coats disease when retinal detachment is present.[2]
Last updated: 12/15/2014

References
  1. Coats Disease. NORD. October 2012; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/837/viewFullReport.
  2. A. Del Longo. Coats disease. Orphanet. September 2004; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=190. Accessed 12/2/2011.


Management Guidelines

  • GeneReviews provides current, expert-authored, peer-reviewed, full-text articles describing the application of genetic testing to the diagnosis, management, and genetic counseling of patients with specific inherited conditions. Click on the link to view the article on this topic.

Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Coats disease. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
  • Orphanet lists clinical trials, research studies, and patient registries enrolling people with this condition. Click on Orphanet to view the list.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Retinal telangiectasis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.