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* Not a rare disease
* Not a rare disease
Other Names for this Disease
- Loss of all scalp hair
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Alopecia totalis is an uncommon form of of alopecia areata where all of the scalp hair is lost. Alopecia totalis is considered an autoimmune condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, causing the hair to fall out. While there is neither a cure nor drugs approved for its treatment, some people find that medications approved for other purposes can help hair grow back, at least temporarily. The hair follicles usually remain alive and are ready to resume normal hair production whenever they receive the appropriate signal. In all cases, hair regrowth may occur even without treatment and even after many years.
- Alopecia areata. DermNet NZ. http://www.dermnet.org.nz/hair-nails-sweat/alopecia-areata.html. Accessed May 9, 2011.
- Alopecia Areata: Questions and Answers About Alopecia Areata. National Institutes of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disorders (NIAMS). http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Alopecia_Areata/. Accessed May 8, 2012.
- Types of Alopecia Areata. National Alopecia Areata Foundation. http://www.naaf.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_alopecia_types. Accessed May 8, 2012.
Your Questions Answeredby the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center
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- MedlinePlus, a Web site designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, provides more information about this topic. Click on the link to view this information.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) support research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases, the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research, and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Alopecia totalis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Resources for Kids
- The American Hair Loss Association Web site lists resources for kids with alopecia. Click on American Hair Loss Association to view the page.