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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Cowden syndrome


Other Names for this Disease
  • CD
  • Cowden disease
  • Cowden's disease
  • CS
  • MHAM
More Names
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Symptoms


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What symptoms are associated with Cowden sydnrome?

Almost everyone with Cowden syndrome develops hamartomas. These growths are most commonly found on the skin and mucous membranes (such as the lining of the mouth and nose), but can also occur in the intestinal tract and other parts of the body. Abnormal growths on the skin and mucous membranes typically appear by a person's late twenties. [1]

People with Cowden syndrome also have an increased risk of developing several types of cancer, including cancers of the breast, thyroid, and the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). Noncancerous breast and thyroid diseases are also common. Other signs and symptoms of Cowden syndrome can include an enlarged head (macrocephaly); a rare, noncancerous brain tumor called Lhermitte-Duclos disease; and mental retardation. [1]
Last updated: 10/23/2012

References
  1. Cowden syndrome. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). March 2006; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=cowdensyndrome. Accessed 5/18/2011.