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Empty sella syndrome

Other Names for this Disease
  • Empty sella turcica
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Empty sella syndrome is a condition in which the pituitary gland shrinks or becomes flattened.[1] There are two types of this syndrome, primary and secondary.The primary form occurs when a hole in the membrane covering the pituitary gland allows fluid in, which presses on the pituitary.[1] The secondary form occurs when the pituitary gland is damaged by a tumor, radiation therapy, or surgery.[1] Empty sella syndrome can also be seen in a condition called pseudotumor cerebri.  Often Empty sella syndrome causes no symptoms, however some people experience symptoms of hypopituitarism due to a partial or complete loss of pituitary function.[1]
Last updated: 1/28/2010


  1. Empty sella syndrome. MedlinePlus. 2009; Accessed 12/15/2011.
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