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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Empty sella syndrome


Other Names for this Disease
  • Empty sella turcica
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Overview


Empty sella syndrome is a condition in which the pituitary gland shrinks or becomes flattened.[1] There are two types of this syndrome, primary and secondary.The primary form occurs when a hole in the membrane covering the pituitary gland allows fluid in, which presses on the pituitary.[1] The secondary form occurs when the pituitary gland is damaged by a tumor, radiation therapy, or surgery.[1] Empty sella syndrome can also be seen in a condition called pseudotumor cerebri.  Often Empty sella syndrome causes no symptoms, however some people experience symptoms of hypopituitarism due to a partial or complete loss of pituitary function.[1]
Last updated: 1/28/2010

References

  1. Empty sella syndrome. MedlinePlus. 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000349.htm. Accessed 12/15/2011.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
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