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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of genetic conditions that cause the skin to be very fragile and to blister easily. Erosions and blisters form in response to minor injury or friction, such as rubbing or scratching.[1] There are four main types of epidermolysis bullosa:[2]

Identifying the exact type is difficult because there are many subtypes for this condition. Most types of epidermolysis bullosa are inherited.[2][3] The inheritance pattern may be dominant or recessive.[2]  

Last updated: 9/7/2011


  1. Epidermolysis bullosa simplex. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). 2007; Accessed 4/22/2010.
  2. Berman K. Epidermolysis bullosa. MedlinePlus. 2008; Accessed 4/22/2010.
  3. Epidermolysis bullosa. 2009; Accessed 4/22/2010.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

1 question(s) from the public on Epidermolysis bullosa have been answered. See questions and answers. You can also submit a new question.

Basic Information

  • DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.
  • has an information page about epidermolysis bullosa. Click on the link above to access this information.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) support research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases, the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research, and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • eMedicine has 2 articles on this topic from the perspective of Dermatology and Pediatrics. You may need to register to view the information online, but registration is free. Click on the links above to view the articles from this medical reference Web site.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Epidermolysis bullosa. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.