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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Fragile X syndrome

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Other Names for this Disease
  • Fra(X) syndrome
  • FraX syndrome
  • FRAXA syndrome
  • FXS
  • Marker X syndrome
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Treatment

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How might fragile X syndrome be treated?

There is no specific treatment available for fragile X syndrome.  Management of this condition is generally supportive and may include:
  • recognizing the need for special education and avoiding excessive stimulation, which may help with behavioral problems
  • early educational intervention and special education that is tailored to specific learning difficulties; small class size, individual attention and avoidance of sudden change is often needed
  • medications for behavioral issues that affect social interaction
  • routine medical management of strabismus, ear infections, reflux, seizures, mitral valve prolapse, and/or high blood pressure.[1]
Last updated: 1/28/2015

References
  1. Robert A Saul and Jack C Tarleton. FMR1-Related Disorders. GeneReviews. April 26, 2012; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1384/.


Management Guidelines

  • GeneReviews provides current, expert-authored, peer-reviewed, full-text articles describing the application of genetic testing to the diagnosis, management, and genetic counseling of patients with specific inherited conditions. Click on the link to view the article on this topic.
  • American Academy of Pediatrics Guidelines: Health Supervision for Children with Fragile X Pediatrics 2011; 127: 994-1006.

Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

Other Names for this Disease
  • Fra(X) syndrome
  • FraX syndrome
  • FRAXA syndrome
  • FXS
  • Marker X syndrome
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.