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Other Names for this Disease
  • Hypoparathyroidism, idiopathic (subtype)
  • Parathyroid, underactivity of
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Hypoparathyroidism is is an endocrine disorder in which the parathyroid glands in the neck do not produce enough parathyroid hormone (PTH). Common signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, brittle nails, cataracts, dry hair and skin, muscle cramps, tetany, pain in the face, legs, and feet, seizures, tingling sensation, and weakened tooth enamel (in children). It may be caused by injury to the parathyroid glands (e.g., during surgery). Other causes, include low blood magnesium levels, a side effect of radioactive iodine treatment for hyperthyroidism, metabolic alkalosis, DiGeorge syndrome, and type I polyglandular autoimmune syndrome. The goal of treatment is to restore the calcium and mineral balance in the body.[1]
Last updated: 3/10/2011


  1. Hypoparathyroidism. MedlinePlus. 2010; Accessed 3/10/2011.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference has three articles on this topic from the perspective of EndocrinologyEmergency Medicine, and Pediatrics. You may need to register to view the information online, but registration is free.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hypoparathyroidism. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.