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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis


Other Names for this Disease

  • Alveolar hypoventilation syndrome
  • Hemosiderosis, pulmonary, with deficiency of gamma-a globulin
  • Pulmonary hemosiderosis
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Overview

Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is a rare disease characterized by repeated episodes of bleeding into the lungs, which can cause anemia. The body is able to remove most of the blood from the lungs, but a large amount of iron is often left behind. Over time, this iron can cause permanent damage to the lungs. Signs and symptoms usually occur after chronic blood loss or blood in the lungs. Symptoms can include coughing, difficulty breathing, and wheezing, resembling pneumonia. Affected individuals who do not have a large amount of pulmonary bleeding can do well, while others with large amounts of bleeding may only live for a few years. The cause of this condition is currently unknown.[1]
Last updated: 1/29/2013

References

  1. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. Madisons Foundation. 2011; http://www.madisonsfoundation.org/index.php?option=com_mpower&task=disease&diseaseID=534. Accessed 1/29/2013.
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  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
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  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Alveolar hypoventilation syndrome
  • Hemosiderosis, pulmonary, with deficiency of gamma-a globulin
  • Pulmonary hemosiderosis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.