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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Infectious arthritis


Other Names for this Disease
  • Septic arthritis
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Overview


Infectious arthritis is joint pain, soreness, stiffness and swelling caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection that spreads from another part of the body. Depending on the type of infection, one or more joints may be affected.[1] Certain bacteria can cause a form of infectious arthritis called reactive arthritis, which appears to be caused by the immune system reacting to bacteria, rather than by the infection itself.[1][2] In reactive arthritis, joint inflammation develops weeks, months or even years after the infection. Reactive arthritis happens most commonly after infections of the genital and gastrointestinal tracts.[2] To diagnose infectious arthritis, your health care provider may do tests of your blood, urine, and joint fluid. Treatment includes medicines and sometimes surgery.[1]
Last updated: 3/31/2012

References

  1. Infectious Arthritis. MedlinePlus. March 2012; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/infectiousarthritis.html. Accessed 3/31/2012.
  2. Infectious Arthritis. InteliHealth, Harvard Medical School. June 2008; http://www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtPrint/WSIHW000/9339/10181.html?hide=t&k=basePrint. Accessed 3/31/2012.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Infectious arthritis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.