Other Names for this Disease
- Infantile subacute necrotizing encephalopathy
- Leigh disease
- Leigh's disease
- Leigh's necrotizing encephalopathy
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degenerative neurological condition that affects the central nervous system. It usually begins in infants between the ages of three months and two years. Rarely, it occurs in teenagers and adults. Signs and symptoms usually progress rapidly. The earliest signs may be poor sucking ability, and the loss of head control and motor skills. These symptoms may be accompanied by loss of appetite, vomiting, irritability, continuous crying, and seizures. As the disorder progresses, symptoms may also include generalized weakness, lack of muscle tone, and episodes of lactic acidosis, which can lead to impairment of respiratory and kidney function. There are several different gene mutations that can cause this condition. Leigh syndrome can be caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA.Leigh syndrome is a rare inherited
Last updated: 10/5/2011
- Leigh's Disease Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. October 2008; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/leighsdisease/leighsdisease.htm. Accessed 10/5/2011.
On this page
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Leigh syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The Neuromuscular Disease Center at Washington University provides information about Leigh syndrome.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Leigh syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- Huntsman RJ, Sinclair DB, Bhargava R, Chan A. Atypical presentations of Leigh syndrome: A case series and review. Pediatr Neurol 2005;32:334-340.
- The Social Security Administration has included this condition in their Compassionate Allowances Initiative. This initiative speeds up the processing of disability claims for applicants with certain medical conditions that cause severe disability. More information about Compassionate Allowances and applying for Social Security disability is available online.