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Lhermitte-Duclos disease

Other Names for this Disease
  • Dysplastic gangliocytoma of the cerebellum
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Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) is a very rare, benign (non-cancerous) brain tumor, called a dysplastic gangliocytoma of the cerebellum, that is characterized by abnormal development and enlargement of the cerebellum, and an increased intracranial pressure. LDD manifests most commonly in the third and fourth decades of life. Symptoms may include headache, nausea, cerebellar dysfunction, hydrocephalus, ataxia (problems with movement and coordination), and visual disturbances. Other features may include an enlarged brain (megalencephaly), hydromyelia, extra fingers or toes (polydactyly), partial gigantism, and/or a large tongue (macroglossia). Lhermitte-Duclos disease can occur as an isolated condition; it is also associated with a hereditary cancer syndrome called Cowden disease. Although the exact cause is unknown, mutations in the PTEN gene have been identified in some individuals with LDD.[1]
Last updated: 11/30/2011


  1. Lhermitte-Duclos disease. Orphanet. February 2006; Accessed 11/30/2011.
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Basic Information

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In Depth Information

  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Lhermitte-Duclos disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.