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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Light chain deposition disease


Other Names for this Disease

  • Light-chain deposition disease
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Overview

Light chain deposition disease involves our immune system. It is caused by an excess buildup of immunoglobulin light chain in our tissues and organs. Immunoglobulins, also known as antibodies, are special proteins made by immune cells. While an important part of our immune system, if these proteins become trapped in the tissues of the kidneys, lungs, skin, joints, or blood vessels, they can set off reactions that lead to tissue or organ inflammation (swelling) and damage. Early signs and symptoms of light chain deposition disease may include protein in the urine, high blood pressure, decreased kidney function, and nephrotic syndrome.[1] Light chain deposition disease is often associated with multiple myeloma, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, or other disorders of abnormal overgrowth of lymph nodes.[2]
Last updated: 4/2/2010

References

  1. Appel GB. Glomerular disorders and nepharotic syndromes. In: Goldman. Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2007;
  2. Jayamohan Y, Sacher RA. Light-chain deposition disease. eMedicine. 2008; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/202585-overview. Accessed 4/2/2010.
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Other Names for this Disease
  • Light-chain deposition disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.