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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome


Other Names for this Disease

  • Defect of enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor
  • Enterocyte cobalamin malabsorption
  • Familial megaloblastic anemia
  • Gräsbeck-Imerslund disease
  • IGS
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Symptoms

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What are the signs and symptoms of Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome?

Affected individuals often first experience non-specific health problems, such as failure to thrive and grow, recurrent gastrointestinal or respiratory infections, pallor and fatigue. Individuals often have anemia, and about half of affected individuals also have mild proteinuria but no signs of kidney disease. Individuals may also have mild neurological damage. Congenital (present at birth) abnormalities of the urinary tract were present in some of the original reported cases. The age at diagnosis is usually anywhere from a few months of age to about 14 years of age.[1][2]
Last updated: 1/6/2014

The Human Phenotype Ontology provides the following list of signs and symptoms for Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome. If the information is available, the table below includes how often the symptom is seen in people with this condition. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary to look up the definitions for these medical terms.

Signs and Symptoms Approximate number of patients (when available)
Autosomal recessive inheritance -
Childhood onset -
Confusion -
Dementia -
Malabsorption of Vitamin B12 -
Megaloblastic anemia -
Paresthesia -
Proteinuria -
Sensory impairment -

Last updated: 12/1/2014

The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) has collected information on how often a sign or symptom occurs in a condition. Much of this information comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. The frequency of a sign or symptom is usually listed as a rough estimate of the percentage of patients who have that feature.

The frequency may also be listed as a fraction. The first number of the fraction is how many people had the symptom, and the second number is the total number of people who were examined in one study. For example, a frequency of 25/25 means that in a study of 25 people all patients were found to have that symptom. Because these frequencies are based on a specific study, the fractions may be different if another group of patients are examined.

Sometimes, no information on frequency is available. In these cases, the sign or symptom may be rare or common.


References
  1. Ralph Gräsbeck. Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome (selective vitamin B12 malabsorption with proteinuria). Orphanet J Rare Dis. May 19, 2006; 1(17):Accessed 1/6/2014.
  2. Ralph Gräsbeck. Gräsbeck-Imerslund disease. Orphanet. May, 2006; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=35858. Accessed 1/6/2014.


Other Names for this Disease
  • Defect of enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor
  • Enterocyte cobalamin malabsorption
  • Familial megaloblastic anemia
  • Gräsbeck-Imerslund disease
  • IGS
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.