Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy
Other Names for this Disease
- Muscular dystrophy, oculopharyngeal
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Treatment of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) mainly focuses on the specific signs and symptoms present in each individual. Severe drooping of the eyelid (ptosis) may be treated with plastic surgery on the eyelid (blepharoplasty). The goal of this surgery is to raise the eyelid so that the affected individual can see. Individuals with severe difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) may have a surgical procedure known as cricopharyngeal myotomy. In this procedure, the cricopharyngeal muscle of the throat is cut so that when swallowing occurs, the muscle remains relaxed allowing the passage of food or liquid. Orthopedic devices such as canes, leg braces, or walkers can assist individuals who have difficulty walking. Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive.
Last updated: 5/2/2012
- Muscular Dystrophy, Oculopharyngeal. NORD. April 10, 2008; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/1182/viewAbstract. Accessed 5/2/2012.
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