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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy

Other Names for this Disease
  • Muscular dystrophy, oculopharyngeal
  • OPMD
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What are the signs and symptoms of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy?

There are many signs and symptoms of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), although the specific symptoms and age of onset varies among affected individuals. Most people show one or more symptoms by the age of 70.[1]  The most common symptoms of OPMD include:[2]

  • Muscle weakness (also known as myopathy)
  • Droopy eyelids (also known as ptosis)
  • Difficulty swallowing (also known as dysphagia)
  • Double vision
  • Tongue weakness
  • Upper and/or lower body weakness
  • Weakness of the muscles in the face
  • Voice disorders (in about half of people with this condition)
Last updated: 5/2/2012

  1. Braise B, Rouleau GA. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy. Gene Reviews. 2006; Accessed 2/4/2009.
  2. Urtizberea JA. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy. Orphanet Encyclopedia. 2004; Accessed 2/4/2009.