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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Prinzmetal's variant angina

Other Names for this Disease
  • Prinzmetal angina
  • Variant angina
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Prinzmetal's variant angina is characterized by recurrent episodes of chest pain that occur while an individual is at rest.[1] This condition is a form of unstable angina because the episodes do not occur in a predictable pattern. Prinzmetal's variant angina may occur spontaneously, or it may be caused by exposure to cold, emotional stress, alcohol withdrawal, or vasoconstricting medications.[2] The symptoms of this condition usually respond to treatment. Individuals with Prinzmetals' variant angina may have a higher risk for heart attack or arrhythmia.[2]
Last updated: 1/24/2011


  1. Prinzmetal's angina. Accessed 1/24/2011.
  2. Zieve D, Chen MA. Coronary artery spasm. MedlinePlus. 2010; Accessed 1/24/2011.
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Basic Information

  • The American Heart Association provides more information on the different types of angina, including Prinzmetal's variant angina.  Click on the American Heart Association link to view this information.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Prinzmetal's variant angina. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.