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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease


Other Names for this Disease
  • Amyloidosis cerebral with spongiform encephalopathy
  • Cerebellar ataxia, progressive dementia, and amyloid deposits in the central nervous system
  • Encephalopathy subacute spongiform Gerstmann-Straussler type
  • Gerstmann Straussler Scheinker syndrome
  • GSSD
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Overview


Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease is a neurodegenerative brain disorder which causes ataxia and dementia. It is almost always inherited and is found in only a few families around the world. Onset of the disease usually occurs between the ages of 35 and 55. Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease belongs to a family of human and animal diseases known as the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) or prion diseases. Other TSEs include Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, kuru, and fatal familial insomnia.[1]
Last updated: 7/22/2013

References

  1. NINDS Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker Disease Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). February 13, 2007; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/gss/gss.htm. Accessed 3/21/2008.
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  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.

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